is an element of pair skating performed with the man in a pivot position,
one toe anchored in the ice.
Holding his hand, the woman circles her partner on a deep edge
with her body almost parallel to the ice.Death spirals
can be performed in all four variants
of inside/outside and forward/backward edges.
The outside edge death spirals
are considered more difficult than the inside edge variants,
with the forward outside death spiral the most difficult of all.The backward outside death spiral
was invented in the early 1900’s,
although it was first performed with the skaters holding both hands
and the lady not fully lowered towards the ice.
The current one-handed version was developed in the 1940’s
by the Canadian pair Suzanne Morrow and Wallace Diestelmeyer.
The other death spiral
variants were invented by
Ludmila Belousova and Oleg Protopopov in the 1960’s.
In the photos
the pair perfoming Death Spiral
is Maria Petrova & Alexei Tikhonov.